Martin, Virginia. “Kazakh Oath-Taking in Colonial Courtrooms: Legal Culture and Russian Empire-Building.” Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History 5, no. 3 (Summer 2004): 483-514.
Oaths in Russian Legal Practice and Empire-Building
The Oath, Custom, and Legitimacy in the Official Biy Court
Kazakh Oath-taking on the Qur’an and Perjury in the Russian Courtroom