Archive for the ‘Countries’ Category.
Alkon, Cynthia. “The Increased Use of Reconciliation in Criminal Cases in Central Asia: A Sign of Reform or Cause for Concern?” 19th International Conference of the International Society for the Reform of Criminal Law (2005), http://www.isrcl.org/.
Sections: Introduction; Why is Reform needed?; The Current State of the Law in Central Asia Regarding the Use of Reconciliation; Current Reconciliation Practices; Conclusion
Alkon, Cynthia. “The Increased Use of “Reconciliation” in Criminal Cases in Central Asia: A Sign of Restorative Justice, Reform or Cause for Concern?” Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal 8 (2007): 41-116.
Sections: Introduction; This Article; The Data Gathering Process; Background on Central Asia; Restorative Justice in Western Countries; Reconciliation in Central Asia; Conclusion
Anderson, Justice Paul H. “A Minnesota Judge’s Perspective on the Rule of Law in China and Kyrgyzstan.” Minnesota Journal of International Law 18, no. 2 (2009): 343-56.
Beckwith, Grant Garrard. “Uzbekistan: Islam, Communism, and Religious Liberty: An Appraisal of Uzbekistan’s 1998 Law “on Freedom of Conscience and Religious Organizations”.” Brigham Young University Law Review (2000): 997-1048.
Sections: Introduction; Background; The 1998 Freedom of Conscience Law; Forward Looking Considerations: A Compromise Model
Beyer, Judith. “Imagining the State in Rural Kyrgyzstan: How Perceptions of the State Create Customary Law in the Kyrgyz Aksakal Courts.” Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology Working Papers 95 (2007).
Sections: Introduction; Studying the State through its Local Imaginations; Imagining the State through Visiting State Officials, the Media and Memories; The Introduction of the Kyrgyz Aksakal Courts; “There is this Law …”: imagining the state in aksakal court sessions; Conclusion
Beyer, Judith. “Revitalisation, Invention and Continued Existence of the Kyrgyz Aksakal Courts: Listening to Pluralistic Accounts of History.” Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law 53 (2006): 141.
Sections: Introduction, Official Discourses on the Historical Development of the aksakal Courts, Historical Data on the Development of the aksakal Courts, Local Discourses on the Historical Development of the Institution, Conclusion
Beyer, Judith. “According to Salt: An Ethnography of Customary Law in Talas, Kyrgyzstan.” Dissertation, Martin-Luther-Universitat, 2009.
Sections: Introduction; Salt as legal repertoire; Settling descent; Performing authority; Buying and paying respect; Imagining the state in the aksakal courts; Taking and giving carpets; Conclusion
Blitt, Robert C., and W. Cole Durham. “Analysis of the Republic of Tajikistan’s Draft Law ‘About Freedom of Conscience and Religious Unions’.” University of Tennessee Legal Studies Research Paper 26 (2008).
Sections: Overview; Positive Aspects of the Draft Law; Article-by-Article Analysis of the Draft Law
Boyle, L. R. “Three’s Company: Examining the Third-Party Problem through an Analysis of Bridas S.A.P.I.C. V. Government of Turkmenistan.” Houston Law Review 45, no. 1 (2008): 261-86.
Sections: Introduction; Overview of International Arbitration; Statement of the Case; Analysis
Branch, Ben, and Natalya Goncharova. “Bankruptcy Process in Uzbekistan.” Norton Annual Survey of Bankruptcy Law 2005, no. 2005 (2005).
Sections: Introduction; Country Overview; Government; Privatization Process; Bankruptcy Law; Development of Laws and Regulations Governing Bankruptcy; Contribution from Foreign Organizations; Definitions Provided in the Bankruptcy Law; Order of Priority in Satisfying Creditors’ Claims; Government Institutions Responsible for Overseeing the Bankruptcy Processes; Application of Bankruptcy Law; Conclusion
Brusina, Olga. “Sharia and Civil Law in Marital Relations of the Muslim Population in Central Asia.” Russian Social Science Review 50, no. 3 (2009): 26-41.
Sections: Marital relations in Soviet Central Asia, Post-Soviet reality
Clouatre, Douglas. “Tajikistan.” In Legal Systems of the World: A Political, Social, and Cultural Encyclopedia, edited by Herbert M. Kritzer, 1592-97. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2002.
Sections: Country Information, History, Independence and Civil War, Tajikistan Government and Judiciary, Supreme and Constitutional Courts, Legal Structure of Tajikistan Courts, Economic Courts, Personal and Individual Rights, Privatization Law, Criminal Code, Legal Training, Impact of the Law
Clouatre, Douglas. “Turkmenistan.” In Legal Systems of the World: A Political, Social, and Cultural Encyclopedia, edited by Herbert M. Kritzer, 1663-69. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2002.
Sections: Country Information, History, Turkmenistan Government and Judiciary, Legal Structure of Turkmenistan Courts, Privatization Law, Individual Rights in Turkmenistan, Legal Training, Impact of the Law
Cormier, Kelley E. “Grievance Practices in Post-Soviet Kyrgyz Agriculture.” Law & Social Inquiry 32, no. 2 (2007): 435-66.
Sections: Introduction; The Sociolegal Nexus and Institutional Change; Conceptual Approach: Naming, Claiming, and Blaming in Kyrgyz Agriculture; Methods; Background; Reasons for Grievances in Commercial Disputes; Resolutions of Grievances in Commercial Disputes; Transformation of Disputes as a Reflection of a New Legal Consciousness; The Influence of Ideology on Commercial Transactions; The Constituted Nature of Beliefs and Disputes; Conclusion; Referrences
Cormier, Kelley E. “The Nature and Structure of Contracts in Kyrgyzstan’s Agricultural Sector: A Framework for Understanding Institutional Change.” Dissertation, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2007.
Sections: Introduction; A Review of Contracting Theory; Building a Theory of Contractual Intentions; Continuity and Change in Kyrgyzstan’s Agricultural Sector; The Transformation of Cultural Practices Into Customs; Rural Market Development in the Ferghana Valley; The Transformation of Commercial Customs Back to Practices; Research and Policy Implications
Daniels, M. “Assessing the Genocide and Political Mass Murder Framework: The Case of Uzbekistan.” George Washington International Law Review 37, no. 4 (2005): 917-48.
Sections: Introduction; Prior Evaluation of Genocide; Evaluation of Harff’s Criteria; Conclusion
Davis, Kyle W. “Purging the System: Recent Judicial Reforms in Kazakhstan.” U.C. Davis Journal of International Law and Policy 8 (2002): 255-73.
Sections: Introduction; A Very Brief Historical Review of Judicial Reform in Kazakhstan Before 2000; The 2000-2001 Reforms; International Involvement in Judicial Reforms; Judicial Prestige; Corruption; Conclusion
Epkenhans, Tim. “Regulating Religion in Post-Soviet Central Asia: Some Remarks on Religious Association Law and ‘Official’ Islamic Institutions in Tajikistan.” Security and Human Rights 1 (2009): 94-99.
Sections: Introduction; Control of and interference in religious affairs: The Soviet legacy; From the qaziyyat to the High Council of ‘Ulama’; The Religious Association Law in Tajikistan; Conclusion
Epkenhans, Tim. “Muslims without Learning Clergy without Faith: Institutions of Islamic Learning in the Republic of Tajikistan.” In Islamic Education in the Soviet Union and Its Successor States, edited by Michael Kemper, Raoul Motika and Stefan Reichmuth, 313-48. New York: Routledge, 2010.
Sections: Introduction, State of research and literature, Islam in pre-Soviet Tajikistan, Islam in Soviet Tajikistan, “Official” Islam, “Parallel” Islam, Independence and Civil War, The early Islamic Revival Party of Tajikistan, Islam and the state in Tajikistan since 1997, Legal and policy framework, The Law on Religion and its implementation, Official Islamic institutions in Tajikistan, The Islamic centre and the High Council of’Ulama’ of Tajikistan, Mosques, Madrasas, Education, The Islamic University in Dushanbe, Islamic manuals and textbooks, Islamic law and traditional customs, Sufism, Ziyarat and hajj, The Islamic Revival Party after the Peace Accord of 1997, Charter and agenda of the IRPT, The IRPT after Nuri, Hizb al-Tahrir al-Islami in Tajikistan, Challenges in the future
Galemba, David. “The Authoritarian Roadblock on Post-Soviet Central Asia’s Long Road to Religious Freedom.” Rutgers Journal of Law and Religion 8 (2007): 1-33.
Sections: Introduction; Historical Overview of Religion in Central Asia; The Authoritarian Roadblock: Paranoid Leaders and their Constraint on Religious Freedom; The Endless Cycle: Oppression Begets Extremism Begets Oppression; Conclusion
Gegenheimer, Gary. “Judicial Review of Bank Supervisory Decisions in the Former Soviet Republics: The Case of Kyrgyzstan.” Annual Review of Banking and Financial Law 25 (2006): 295-387.
Sections: Introduction; Overview of the Kyrgyz Legal System; International Perspectives; Conclusion: A Modest Reform Proposal
Gemalmaz, M. S. “Structure and Authority of the Judiciary within the Legal Order of the Tajikistan Republic.” Tilburg Foreign Law Review 7, no. 4 (1999): 307-46.
Sections: Introduction, 1 Establishment of the Courts, 2 The Composition of the Courts, 3 The Judges, 5 Protection of the Judges, 6 General Evaluation of the Present System, 7 Rights of Individuals Subjected to Exercise of Judicial Power,
Gill, B. “Aiding the Rule of Law Abroad: The Kyrgyz Republic as a Case Study.” The Fletcher forum of world affairs. 29 (2005): 133-56.
Sections: Background; What is at Stake?; Will the Rule of Law Prevail?; What are the Barriers to Securing Rule of Law?; Recommendations; Conclusion
Giovarelli, Renee, and Cholpon Akmatova. “Local Institutions That Enforce Customary Law in the Kyrgyz Republic: And Their Impact on Women’s Rights.” Agriculture & Rural Development e-Paper (2002).
Sections: Research Objectives; Introduction and Background; Methodology; Findings; Analysis and Discussion; Conclusion; Recommendations
Handrahan, L.M. “Implications of International Human Rights Law and Bride Kidnapping in Kyrgyzstan.” PRAXIS The Fletcher Journal of Development Studies XVI (2000).
Sections: Introduction, History of Bride Kidnapping, Bride Kidnapping Today, Background, International Legal Tools to Combat Bride Kidnapping, Prescriptive Measures, Conclusion, Endnotes
Heltzer, Gregory E. “Stalemate in the Aral Sea Basin: Will Kyrgyzstan’s New Water Law Bring the Downstream Nations Back to the Multilateral Bargaining Table?” Georgetown International Environmental Law Review 15, no. 2 (2003): 291-319.
Sections: Introduction; Causes of the Current State of Affairs in Central Asia; International Law and Water as an Economic Good; Kyrgyzstan’s New Law and Its Effect on Regional Discussions; Solving Central Asia’s Water Stalemate; Conclusion
Hickson, Jill E. “Using Law to Create National Identity: The Course to Democracy in Tajikistan.” Texas International Law Journal 38 (2003): 347-80.
Sections: Introduction; National Identity; The Tajiks and the Republic of Tajikistan: National Identity in Historic Perspective; Creating a New National Identity in Tajikistan; Barriers to Creating a New National Identity in Tajikistan; Conclusion
Hines, Jonathan H., and Eric W. Sievers. “Legal Regime for Hydrocarbon Development in Uzbekistan.” Journal of Energy & Natural Resources Law 19, no. 4 (2001): 387-402.
Sections: The context; Legal framework: overview; Subsoil Law regime; Administrative picture; Concession Law; General tax incentives and protections for foreign investors; Newest legal acts: steps in the right direction
Huskey, Eugene, and Gulnara Iskakova. “Kyrgyzstan.” In Legal Systems of the World: A Political, Social, and Cultural Encyclopedia, edited by Herbert M. Kritzer, 837-42. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2002.
Sections: General Information, History and Legal Concepts, Current Structure, Legal Structure of Kyrgyzstan Courts, Specialized Judicial Bodies, Staffing, Impact
Kamp, Marianne, and Russell G. Zanca. “Writing the History of Collectivization in Uzbekistan: Oral Narratives.” The National Council for Eurasian and East European Research (2008), http://www.nceeer.org/papers.html.
Sections: Executive Summary, Prior Work in this Area, The Significance of this Project, Class Identity in Rural Uzbekistan, Class Identity in Oral Histories of Collectivization, Bibliography
Relevance: “In a period when policy makers recommend changes to independent Uzbekistan’s land laws, this study may provide a deeper sense of cultural attitudes about land and livelihood in rural Uzbekistan, with implications for changes in land tenure systems.” (3,9)
Kangas, Roger D. “Legal Reform in Central Asia: Battling the Influence of History.” In In the Tracks of Tamerlane: Central Asia’s Path to the 21st Century, edited by Daniel L. Burghart and Theresa Sabonis-Helf, 65-91. Washington, DC: Center For Technology and National Security Policy, National Defense University, 2004.
Sections: Legal Antecedents (The Pre-Russian Legacy; Russian and Soviet-era Law); Respective Frameworks of Legal Regimes
in Central Asia (Kazakhstan, The Kyrgyz Republic, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan); Basic Dilemmas and Reform Efforts (Challenges; Efforts at Reform); Conclusion
Katrougalos, George. “Uzbekistan.” In Legal Systems of the World: A Political, Social, and Cultural Encyclopedia, edited by Herbert M. Kritzer, 1724-28. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2002.
Sections: Country Information, History, Legal Concepts, Executive and Legislative Branches, The Judiciary
Kelly, Christina M. “The United States and Turkmenistan: Striking a Balance between Promoting Religious Freedom and Fighting the War against Terrorism.” Pace International Law Review 15, no. 2 (2003): 481-511.
Sections: Introduction; Turkmenistan; The International Religious Freedom Act; Turkmenistan is a Country of Particular Concern and Should Be So Designated; Conclusion
Kembayev. “The Rise of Presidentialism in Post-Soviet Central Asia: The Example of Kazakhstan.” In Constitutionalism in Islamic Countries: Between Upheaval and Continuity, edited by Rainer Grote and Tilmann Röder: Oxford University Press, 2011.
MacKay, Joseph. “Running Dry: International Law and the Management of Aral Sea Depletion.” Central Asian Survey 28, no. 1 (2009): 17-27.
Sections: Background; The Aral Sea in international law; The law on non-navigational uses of international watercourses; The convention on desertification; Regional efforts at regulation; Water as a resource in Kyrgyzstan’s domestic law; Some consequences;
Martin, Virginia. “Barimta: Nomadic Custom, Imperial Crime.” In Russia’s Orient: Imperial Borderlands and Peoples, 1700-1917, edited by Daniel R. Brower and Edward J. Lazzerini, 249-70. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1997.
Relevance: “In this chapter, I have argued that while the practice of barimta survived by adjusting to a new colonial context, the Kazakh cultural understanding of the importance of honor, justice, and revenge remained the same. An examination of barimta shows that colonization brought new legal structures, but not necessarily new legal sensibilities, to the colonized.” (264)
Martin, Virginia. Law and Custom in the Steppe: The Kazakhs of the Middle Horde and Russian Colonialism in the Nineteenth Century. Richmond: Curzon, 2000.
Sections: Introduction Legal Culture in the Colonial Context; The Middle Horde Nomads and Colonial Rule; Nomadism and Adat; Law and Empire-Building; Settlement: Cossacks, Peasants and Nomads; Adat in Practice 1868-1898; Biys and Litigants; Land Disputes; Barimta; Conclusion
Martin, Virginia. “Kazakh Oath-Taking in Colonial Courtrooms: Legal Culture and Russian Empire-Building.” Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History 5, no. 3 (Summer 2004): 483-514.
Oaths in Russian Legal Practice and Empire-Building
The Oath, Custom, and Legitimacy in the Official Biy Court
Kazakh Oath-taking on the Qur’an and Perjury in the Russian Courtroom
Martin, Virginia. “Kazakh Chinggisids, Land and Political Power in the Nineteenth Century: A Case Study of Syrymbet.” Central Asian Survey 29, no. 1 (2010): 79–102.
Müllerson, Rein. “The Kyrgyz Tragedy: Particular and General.” Chinese Journal of International Law 10 (2011): 407-26.
Sections: Introduction; Askar Akayev: democratic reforms versus weak authority and corruption; 2005: the Tulip revolution or coup d’état?; Kyrgyzstan and external forces; 2010: struggle for power between Kyrgyz factions and the Uzbek community; The rise of ethno-nationalism, market reforms and majority rule; June 2010: mob violence, human rights and crimes against humanity; Quo vadis Kyrgyzstan: denial, impunity but also hope;
McCormick, Christy Cutbill. “Exporting the First Amendment: America’s Response to Religious Persecution Abroad.” Journal of International Legal Studies 4 (1998): 283-334.
Sections: Introduction; Recent Attention to Religious Freedom Issues; Americans Justify U.S. Action Based on the Concept of Religious Liberty as Guaranteed by the First Amendment; Worldwide Religious Persecution Continues to Exist in Spite of Guarantees of Religious Freedom in International Law and Individual State Constitutions (Former Soviet Countries; Uzbekistan); How Should America Respond to Religious Persecution Abroad?; Conclusion
Merrell, David E. “The Post-Tulip Revolution Moment of Constitutional Reform: Will Kyrgyzstan Ever Get a Good Tsar?”, University of Washington Ghallager Law Library, 2009.
Sections: Not All Kyrgyz Citizens Desire Liberal Democracy; Some Desire a Good Tsar; The Tulip “Revolution” did not Bring a Good Tsar and the Post-Revolution Constitutional Reform Efforts did not Bring Liberal Democracy; Whether in the Form of a Good Tsar or Liberal Democracy, Good Governance Takes Time; In the meantime, Merit-Based Education Should Be Supported;
Merrell, David E. “State Engagement with Non-State Justice: How the Experience in Kyrgyzstan Can Reinforce the Need for Legitimacy in Afghanistan.” Central Asian Survey 29, no. 2 (2010): 205-17.
Sections: Introduction; Non-State Justice in Afghanistan and the Question of its Engagement with the State; State Engagement with Non-State Justice in Kyrgyzstan during Tsarist, Soviet and Post-Soviet Times; How the Experience in Kyrgyzstan Can Reinforce the Need for Legitimacy in Afghanistan; Conclusion
“Central Asia.” In The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Law, edited by Jonathan Brown. New York: Oxford University Press, forthcoming 2012.
Sections: Introduction to Region, Kazakhstan, The Kyrgyz Republic (Kyrgyzstan), Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Bibliography
Merrell, David E. “Kyrgyzstan’s Constitution and Islam.” In Oxford Islamic Studies Online, edited by John L. Esposito. New York: Oxford University Press, forthcoming Spring 2012.
Merrell, David E. “Tajikistan’s Constitution and Islam.” In Oxford Islamic Studies Online, edited by John L. Esposito. New York: Oxford University Press, forthcoming Spring 2012.
Molkner, Keith. “A Comparison of the Legal Regimes for Foreign Investment in Russia, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgystan.” International Tax and Business Lawyer 11, no. 1 (1993): 71-101.
Sections: Introduction; Background; Foreign Investment in Russia; Foreign Investment in Kazakhstan; Foreign Investment in Kyrgyzstan; Comparative Assessment; Bilateral Investment Treaties; Conclusion
Morozova, Irina. “Public Discussion on the ‘State of Law’ and Contemporary Political Regimes in Central Asia and the Southern Caucasus.” In Central Asian Law: An Historical Overview: A Festschrift for the Ninetieth Birthday of Herbert Franke, edited by Wallace Johnson and Irina F. Popova, 237-59. Lawrence, KS: Society for Asian Legal History, the Hall Center for the Humanities, the University of Kansas, 2004.
Sections: Introduction; The Different Systems of Law in Present Day Central Asia and the Southern Caucasus; Public Discussions on the State of Law in the Post-Soviet and the Post-Socialist States; Order, the State of Law and the Shadow of the Legal Economy in Contemporary Azerbaijan; The President, the Opposition and Discourse on Human Rights in Uzbekistan; The One-Party Parliament and the Reform of the Legislature in Post-Socialist Mongolia; Conclusion
Muminov, Ashirbek, Uygun Gafurov, and Rinat Shigabdinov. “Islamic Education in Soviet and Post-Soviet Uzbekistan.” In Islamic Education in the Soviet Union and Its Successor States, edited by Michael Kemper, Raoul Motika and Stefan Reichmuth. New York: Routledge, 2010.
Sections: Introduction, The traditional Islamic educational system of Uzbekistan: reform plans and failures (1917-1928), The destruction of Islamic education (1927-1928), Islamic scholars in the period of repression, 1928-1943
Newton, Scott. “Transplantation and Transition: Legality and Legitimacy in the Kazakhstani Legislative Process.” In Law and Informal Practices: The Post-Communist Experience, edited by D. J. Galligan and Marina Kurkchiyan, 151-70. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.
Sections: Introduction, Legal Reform in Kazakhstan and the Drafting Process, Concluding Observations
O’Shea, Brian J. “Out of Gas in Turkmenistan: The Stalled Commercial Law Reform of a Post-Soviet State.” International Lawyer 35 (2001): 1051-68.
Sections: Introduction; The Main Determinants of Turkmenistan’s Transition; Commercial Law Regime; Doing Business in Turkmenistan Today;
Osakwe, Christopher. “Anatomy of the 1994 Civil Codes of Russia and Kazakstan: A Biopsy of the Economic Constitutions of Two Post-Soviet Republics.” Notre Dame Law Review 73, no. 5 (1998): 1413-514.
Sections: The Overture: The Taxonomy of the Two Civil Codes; The Economic Philosophy of the Two Civil Codes: Free Enterprise; The Genealogy of the Two Civil Codes: Sources of influences on the Drafters of the Civil Code; The Architecture of the Codes: Structure and Substantive Coverage of the Two Civil Codes; The Genesis of the Codes: The Saga of Two Test Tube Babies; The Anatomy of the Codes: A Clinical Examination of Selected Provisions of the Civil Codes of Russia and Kazakhstan; Finale: Russia and Kazakhstan as Modern Laboratories for Legal Experimentation; Law on the Books Versus Law in Action: The Pathology of the Two Civil Codes
Peshkova, Svetlana. “Bringing the Mosque Home and Talking Politics: Women, Domestic Space, and the State in the Ferghana Valley (Uzbekistan).” Contemporary Islam 3, no. 3 (2009): 251-73.
Sections: Geographic, historical, religious and political landscapes; Domestic space and religious renewal; Space, religion, and gender; Making place in a space; From talk to action and vice versa; Women, domestic space, and the state in the Ferghana Valley
Podaprigora, Roman. “Religion in Kazakhstan: A General View.” Brigham Young University Law Review (1999): 581-88.
Sections: Introduction; Shortcomings in the Legal Foundation; Conclusion
Podaprigora, Roman. “Kazakhstan.” In Encyclopedia of World Constitutions, edited by Gerhard Robbers, 471-77. New York: Facts On File, 2007.
Sections: Constitutional History, Form and Impact of the Constitution, Basic Organizational Structure, Leading Constitutional Principles, Constitutional Bodies, The Election Process, Political Parties, Citizenship, Fundamental Rights, Economy, Religious Communities, Military Defense and State of Emergency, Amendments to the Constitution
Riazanovskii, Valentin Aleksandrovich. Customary Law of the Nomadic Tribes of Siberia. Bloomington: Indiana University, 1965.
Sections: Juristic Customs of the Kirghiz; Juristic Customs of the Ostyaks, Voguls and Samoyeds; Juristic Customs of the Altais and Teleuts; Juristic Customs of the Kuznetzk Tartars; Juristic Customs of the Buriats; Juristic Customs of the Tunguses; Juristic Customs of the Yakuts; Code of Steppe Laws of the Nomadic Tribes of Eastern Siberia; Conclusion (Fundamental Institutions of the Customary Law of the Nomadic Tribes of Siberia)
Satarkulova, Indira. “International Commercial Arbitration in the Kyrgyz Republic.” Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Law & Arbitration 10 (2006): 319-34.
Sections: Introduction; Application of international law in the legal system of the Kyrgyz Republic; The Commercial Court System in
the Kyrgyz Republic: Background and recent developments; International Arbitration Tribunal; Conclusion
Shaver, Lynn. “The Revocation of Dual Citizenship in Turkmenistan.” Human Rights Brief 11, no. 1 (2003): 5-7.
Sections: Background; Niyazov’s Elimination of “Betrayers of the Motherland”; Revocation of the 1993 Dual Citizenship Agreement; Compliance with Turkmen and International Law; Conclusion
Sievers, Eric W. “The Caspian, Regional Seas, and the Case for a Cultural Study of Law.” Georgetown International Environmental Law Review 13, no. 2 (2001): 361-415.
Sections: The Largest Lake on the Planet; A Traditional American Analysis; A Cultural Analysis; Conclusion: Caspian Black Boxes and Black Gold
Sievers, Eric W. “Transboundary Jurisdiction and Watercourse Law: China, Kazakhstan, and the Irtysh.” Texas International Law Journal 37, no. 1 (2002): 1-42.
Sections: Introduction: The Fifth Largest River in the World; Sovereign Kazakhstan on the Edge of China’s Tenth Five-Year Plan; What is Transboundary Watercourse Law?; Remedy and Recourse; Conclusion: Transboundary Jurisdiction
Sievers, Eric W. “Uzbekistan’s Mahalla: From Soviet to Absolutist Residential Community Associations.” Chicago-Kent Journal of International and Comparative Law (2002).
Sections: Introduction: Order Despite Law; Mahalla Space and Mahalla Evolution; Mahalla Eras: Premodern, Soviet, and Post-Soviet; The Problematique of Modern Mahalla Life; Mahalla Reform and Development; Conclusion
Sinha, Sangeeta. “Kazakhstan.” In Legal Systems of the World: A Political, Social, and Cultural Encyclopedia, edited by Herbert M. Kritzer, 812-18. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2002.
Sections: General Information, History, Origins of the Kazakh Legal System, Legal Concepts, Current Structure, Structure of Kazakh Courts, Staffing, Current Trends
Terada, Suzanne. “An Uzbekistan Experience.” Hawaii Bar Journal (1999): 42-43.
Relevance: “In November, 1997, Hillary Clinton visited Uzbekistan, a former state of the USSR and spoke about domestic violence. This was the first time that the problem of domestic violence was publicly discussed in this Central Asian Republic. This prompted the United States Information Agency (USIA) to present a workshop there in April 1998 entitled ‘Domestic Violence – The American Experience’ led by retired Hawaii Family Court Judge Evelyn Lance and an attorney from Maryland.”
Turner, Taylor J. “Freedom under Control: Registration of Religious Organizations in Kazakhstan.” Columbia Journal of East European Law 2 (2008): 272-311.
Sections: Introduction; Country Background; Kazakhstan’s Registration Law; Conclusion: Overcoming Problematic Paradigms
Zappalà, Salvatore. “The German Federal Prosecutor’s Decision Not to Prosecute a Former Uzbek Minister Missed Opportunity or Prosecutorial Wisdom?” Journal of International Criminal Justice 4, no. 3 (2006): 602-22.
Sections: Introduction; The Decision; The Boundaries of Prosecutorial Discretion and the Prospect of Successful Prosecution; The Need to Prove the Policy Element: Do Crimes against Humanity Require a State or Organizational Policy?; The Unsaid: The Problem of Immunity of State Officials; Conclusion